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Canadian Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.147 W94 52.929

Trail Number:
T19

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Description

Family:
Trochodendraceae

Foliage:
Needles are.25 to.66 inches long, flat, dark green on top with two whitish bands on the underside

Native Locale:
Nova Scotia to Minnesota

Mature Height:
40 to 70 feet

Mature Width:
25 to 35 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 3b to 7(8)

Soil Preference:
Preferable moist, well-drained, acid soils, rocky bluffs or sandy soils

Growth Habit:
Softly and gracefully pyramidal in youth with tapering trunk becoming pendulously pyramidal with age

Rate of Growth:
Medium, 25 to 50' in 15 to 30 years

Disease and Insect:
Leaf blight, Cankers, blister rust, needle rust, sapwood rot, hemlock borer, hemlock looper, spruce leaf miner, hemlock fiorinia scale, grape scale, hemlock scale, spider mites, hemlock rust

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Very well suited to city conditions but can die from extremely dry conditions. The soft wood has no value but the bark is used for tanning hides.

Photos

Leaf - Canadian HemlockSummer - Canadian HemlockSummer '08 - Canadian Hemlock