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American Linden

Tilia americana

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.000 W94 52.863

Trail Number:
G25

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Description

Family:
Tiliaceae

Foliage:
Leaves alternate, simple, heart-shaped, 5-6 inches long and 3-4 inches wide, with serrated edges. Clusters of fragrant cream-colored flowers are produced in June

Native Locale:
Canada to Virginia and Alabama, west to North Dakota, Kansas and Texas

Mature Height:  
60 to 80 feet

Mature Width:
30 to 60 feet      

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 3b to 8(9)

Soil Preference:
Prefers deep, moist, fertile soils; will grow on drier, heavier soils, and is often found on slopes and rocky hills; pH adaptable

Growth Habit:
Tall, stately tree with numerous, slender, low hung, spreading branches; pyramidal in youth; at maturity the lower drooping down then up, forming a deep, ovate, oblong, or somewhat crowded crown

Rate of Growth:
Medium, 20 to 30 years over a 20 year period

Disease and Insect:
Leaf blight, canker, leaf spots, powdery mildew, Verticillium wilt, linden aphid, Japanese beetle, elm calligrapha, European linden bark borer, linden borer, walnut lace bug, walnut lace bug, caterpillars, basswood leaf miner, elm sawfly, thrips, galls

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Fruit: Fruits are small nutlets, clustered beneath membranous bracts
  • The woods is soft, white, and easily worked.

Photos

Leaf - American LindenSummer - American LindenSummer '08 - American LindenSummer '08 Bark - American Linden