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Baldcypress

Taxodium distichum

GIS Coordinate:
N40 20.966 W94 52.881

Trail Number:
G16

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Description

Family:
Taxodiaceae

Foliage:
Deciduous tree drops the needle-like leaves in the winter

Native Locale:
Delaware to Florida, west to southern Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas

Mature Height:
50 to 70 feet

Mature Width:
20 to 30 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 4 to 11

Soil Preference:
Prefers deep, fine, sandy loams with plenty of moisture

Growth Habit:
A lofty, deciduous conifer of slender, pyramidal habit, almost columnar in youth, with a stout, straight trunk buttressed at the base and short, horizontal branches, ascending at the ends, the lateral branchlets pendulous; sometimes becoming irregular, flat-topped and picturesque in old age

Rate of Growth:
Medium, 50 to 70' in 30 to 50 years

Disease and Insect:
Twig blight, annual cankers

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Native to marshes and swamps in the southern states where it is commonly nicknamed "Swamp Cypress". If grown in a wet area, it will develop structures known as knees, which will take in air for the roots. Wood resists decay and termites.

Photos

Leaf - BaldcypressSummer - BaldcypressSummer '08 - BaldcypressSummer '08 Fruit - Baldcypress