A-Z Index

Scotch Pine

Pinus sylvestris

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.266 W94 53.141

Trail Number:

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The needles are stiff, twisted, I to 3 inches long, and in bundles of two. Cones are 2 to 5 inches long and have flat-topped scales tipped with a prickle

Native Locale:
Norway and Scotland to Spain, Europe

Mature Height:
30 to 60 feet

Mature Width:
30 to 40 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 3a to 7

Soil Preference:
Will grow in variety of soils as long as they are well-drained; preferably acid soils

Growth Habit:
In youth an irregular pyramid with short, spreading branches, the lower soon dying, open, wide-spreading and flat or round-topped, almost umbrella shaped

Rate of Growth:
Medium when young, slow with age

Disease and Insect:
Diplodia, nematodes and pine wilt fungus

Landscape Value:

Additional Notes:

  • Bark: The bark is scaly and orange-red on upper branches of older trees
  • It is a timbertree that is widely planted in North America. One of the most popular pines for Christmas tree use.


Leaf - Scotch PineSummer - Scotch PineSummer '08 - Scotch Pine Summer '08 Bark - Scotch Pine