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Jack Pine

Pinus banksiana

GIS Coordinate:
N40 20.971 W94 52.858

Trail Number:
G19

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Description

Family:
Pinaceae

Foliage:
Dark green needles are in bundles of two and are 1-1.5 inches long. Cones stay on the tree for many years

Native Locale:  
Near Arctic Circle, south to northern New York and Minnesota

Mature Height:
35 to 50 feet

Mature Width:
Less than height

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 2 to 6(7)

Soil Preference:
Not good in limestone soils; but will survive in almost pure and extremely cold climates; prefers sandy and acid soils; grows in soils too poor for most plants

Growth Habit:
Pyramidal in youth, open, spreading, often shrubby and flat-topped at maturity

Rate of Growth:
Slow-medium

Disease and Insect:
Damping-off, root rot, dieback, tip blight, stem blister rust, Comandra blister rust, canker, Cenangium twig blight, leaf cast, needle blight, needle rust, shrub pine needle rust, littleleaf, white- pine aphid, European pine shoot moth, Nantucket pine moth, sawflies, pine webworm, pine false webworm, pine needle scale, pine needle miner, pine spitttlebugs, pine tortoise scale, red pine scale, pales weevil, pine root collar weevil, white pine shoot borer, white pine tube moth, white pine weevil, Zimmerman pine moth, bark beetles, pinewood nematode

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Bark: Dark brown, scaly bark
  • Rugged in appearance, not especially ornamental but adaptable for windbreaks and mass plantings.

Photos

Leaf - Jack PineSummer - Jack PineSummer '08 - Jack Pine