A-Z Index

Norway Spruce

Picea abies

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.019 W94 52.864

Trail Number:

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Needles are stiff, dark green, diamond shaped in cross section and usually pointing forward. Cones are 4-7 inches long

Native Locale:  
Northern and central Europe

Mature Height:
40 to 60 feet

Mature Width:
25 to 30 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 3b to 7(8)

Soil Preference:
Prefers moderately moist, sandy, acid, well- drained soils but can be planted in most average soils provided adequate moisture is available

Growth Habit:
Pyramidal with pendulous branchlets; stiff when young, graceful at maturity

Rate of Growth:
Medium to Fast especially in youth; may grow 75' in 50 years

Disease and Insect:
Susceptible to red spider, spruce gall aphid, budworm and borers

Landscape Value:

Additional Notes:

  • Greatly overplanted. With old age might lose its form and its usefulness. Commonly used as a windbreak, shelter, or as a specimen tree.


Leaf - Norway SpruceSummer - Norway SpruceSummer '08 - Norway Spruce