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Osage Orange

Maclura pomifera

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.075 W94 53.276

Trail Number:
C30

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Description

Family:
Moraceae

Foliage:
Leaves simple, alternate, 2 to 5 inches long

Native Locale:
Arkansas to Oklahoma and Texas but grown far out of its native range

Mature Height:
20 to 60 feet

Mature Width:
20 to 60 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 4 to 9

Soil Preference:
Poorer the site the better; can withstand wetness, dryness, wind, extreme heat, acid and high pH conditions once established

Growth Habit:
Usually develops a short trunk and low, rounded, irregular crown composed of stiff, spiny, interlacing branches; some of the branches show a pendulous tendency

Rate of Growth:
Fast, 9 to 12' over a 3 to 5 year period

Disease and Insect:
None serious; leaf spot possible

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Named by the Indians of Oklahoma for its large, round, yellow-green, orange textured fruit. Used as hedgerows on the plains. Wood is decay resistant and used to make fence posts and bows.

Photos

Summer - Osage OrangeSummer '08 - Osage OrangeSummer '08 Bark - Osage OrangeSummer '08 Leaf - Osage Orange