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American Beech

Fagus grandifolia

GIS Coordinate:
N40 20.981 W94 53.287

Trail Number:
C32

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Description

Family:
Fagaceae

Foliage:
Leaves are smooth, alternate, 2 to 6 inches long with incurved marginal teeth. The foliage is dark green changing to golden bronze and persisting into winter

Native Locale:
New Brunswick to Ontario, south to Florida and Texas

Mature Height:
50 to 70 feet

Mature Width:
Less than or equal to height

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 4 to 9

Soil Preference:
Prefers moist, well- drained acid(pH 5 - 6.5) not to withstand wet or compacted soils

Growth Habit:
A sturdy, imposing tree often with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown, a picture of character in a native situation; may sucker and form wide-ranging colonies

Rate of Growth:
Slow, possibly medium in youth, averaging 9 to 12' over a 10 year period

Disease and Insect:
None serious but is susceptible to leaf spots, powdery mildew, bleeding canker, leaf mottle, beech bark disease, aphids, brown wood borer, beech scale, beech mealybug

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Bark: The smooth blue-gray bark is commonly blotched
  • Nuts are edible
  • The American Beech once formed great groves where flocks of now-extinct passenger pigeons came to feed and roost.

Photos

Summer - American BeechSummer '08 - American BeechLeaf - American BeechFruit - American Beech