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Common Hackberry

Celtis occidentalis

Trail Number:
T9

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Description

Family:
Ulmacease

Foliage:
Leaves alternate, simple, 2 to 4 inches long

Native Locale:
Quebec to Manitoba, south to North Carolina, Alabama, Georgia and Oklahoma

Mature Height:
40 to 60 feet

Mature Width:
40 to 60 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 3 to 9

Soil Preference:
Prefers rich, moist soils, but grows in dry, heavy, or sandy, rocky soils; withstands acid or alkaline conditions; moderately wet or very dry areas

Growth Habit:
In youth weakly pyramidal; in old age the crown is a broad top of ascending arching branches, often with drooping branchlets

Rate of Growth:
Medium to Fast, 20 to 30' over a 10 to 15 year period

Disease and Insect:
Leaf spots, witches broom, powdery mildew, Gooderham rot, hackberry nipple- gall, mourning- cloak butterfly, and several scales are troublesome

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Fruit: Dark red to purple
  • Bark: warty, grey to brown, easily identified
  • Conforms to adverse conditions.
  • Nipple galls, caused by an insect, usually disfigure the leaves, but do no permanent damage.Native. Leaves alternate, simple, 2 to 4 inches long. Dark red to purple fruits. Bark warty, grey to brown, easily identified. Height to 100 feet. Conforms to adverse conditions. Nipple galls, caused by an insect, usually disfigure the leaves, but do no permanent damage.

Photos

Bark - Common HackberryLeaf - Common HackberrySummer - Common HackberrySummer '08 - Common HackberrySummer '08 Bark - Common Hackberry