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American Hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.232 W94 53.126

Trail Number:
C7

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Description

Family:
Betulaceae

Foliage:
Alternate, simple, 2 1/2 to 5" long, 1 to 2" wide, ovate-oblong, acuminate, rounded or heart-shaped

Native Locale:
Nova scotia to Minnesota, south to Florida and Texas

Mature Height:
20 to 30 feet

Mature Width:
20 to 30 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 3b to 9

Soil Preference:
Best in deep, rich, moist, slightly acid soil although will grow in drier areas

Growth Habit:
Small to Medium, multi- stemmed, bushy shrub or single- stemmed tree with a wide- spreading, flat or round topped crown; some plants are quite uniform

Rate of Growth:
Slow, averaging 8 to 10' over a 10 year period; will grow faster with uniform moisture and fertility

Disease and Insect:
Leaf spots, cankers, twig blight

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Bark: Smooth, thin, dark bluish gray, close fitting. Small, ribbed, seed-like nutlet
  • Flowers: Monoecious, male, 1 to 1 1/2" long. Fruit: A nutlet, borne at base of 1 to 1 1/2" long

Photos

Leaf - American HornbeamSummer - American HornbeamSummer '08 - American HornbeamSummer '08 Leaf - American Hornbeam