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Paper Birch

Betula papyrifera

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.250 W94 53.049

Trail Number:
C11

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Description

Family:
Betulaceae

Foliage:
Leaves alternate, simple, 2 to 3 inches long and coarsely serrated

Native Locale:
Greenland, Labrador to British Columbia, Alaska and Washington south to Pennsylvania, Michigan, Nebraska, and Montana

Mature Height:
50 to 70 feet

Mature Width:
Spread equal to one 1/2 to 2/3

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 2 to 6(7)

Soil Preference:
Adapted to colder climates; available to wide variety of soils but does best in well- drained, acid, moist, and or silty loams

Growth Habit:
Loosely pyramidal in youth developing an irregular, oval to rounded crown at maturity; usually maintaining its branches close to the ground unless limbed up

Rate of Growth:
Medium to Fast; over a 10 to 20 year period averaging 1 1/2 to 2 feet growth every year

Disease and Insect:
Much more resistant to bronze birch borer than B. Pendula

Landscape Value:
n/a

Additional Notes:

  • Yellow fall color. Peeling grey and white bark. Oil extracted from the bark contains methyl salicylate used to treat rheumatism and inflammations. Handsome in winter landscape against an evergreen backdrop.

Photos

Bark - Paper BirchLeaf - Paper BirchSummer - Paper BirchSummer '08 - Paper BirchSummer '08 Bark - Paper Birch