A-Z Index

River Birch

Betula nigra

GIS Coordinate:
N40 21.028 W94 52.966

Trail Number:

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Leaves alternate and simple, 1-3 inches long with doubly toothed margins.

Native Locale:
Massachusetts to Florida west to Minnesota and Kansas

Mature Height:
40 to 90 feet

Mature Width:
40 to 60 feet

Hardiness Zones:
Zone 3b to 9

Soil Preference:
Moist soils; usually found along creek beds; prefers acid soil 6.5 or below

Growth Habit:
Pyramidal to over- headed in youth, often rounded in outline at maturity; the trunk is usually divided into several large arching branches close to the ground

Rate of Growth:
Medium to Fast; over a 20 year period can be expected to grow 30 to 40 feet

Disease and Insect:
Most trouble free birch; leaf spots and aphids

Landscape Value:

Additional Notes:

  • Thin, peeling bark is pink to reddish-brown on young trees. Arching Branches.


Bark - River BirchFruit - River BirchLeaf - River BirchSpring - River BirchSummer - River BirchSummer '08 - River BirchSummer '08 Bark - River Birch