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Northwest Missouri State University

Library Home » Electronic Theses » Recreation » Senthil Kumar Srinivasan

Significance of Mental Rehearsal on Hand- Eye Coordination

Author: Senthil Kumar Srinivasan
M.S. in Recreation
Department of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance
December 2011
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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of Mental Rehearsal on Hand Eye Coordination. A total of 50 international students participated in this study. All the participants were randomly assigned into a control group (n=25) who traced the maze with no mental rehearsal before the task and experiment group (n= 25) who performed mental rehearsal before starting the task. Both groups preformed two trials. The maze was scored with two variables. One was the number of times the participants touched the maze borders and the other was total distance in centimeters outside the maze borders. Repeated measures analysis of variance was utilized to examine the impact of mental rehearsal and gender across two trials on a hand eye coordination task. Results indicated that three-way interactions for both distance, F (1, 46) = .10, p. = .76, and touch, F (1, 46) = 0.09, p. = .77, were non significant. All two-way interactions for both variables were also non-significant. For distance, main effects for both trial and group were non-significant (p.> .025); however, the main effect for gender was significant, F (1, 46) = 10.86, p. = .002. For touch, main effects for both trial F (1, 46) = 36.17, p. ≤ .01 and group F (1, 46) = 3.34, p. = .28 were significant. The significant effects observed on the touches variable suggest that mental rehearsal does improve hand eye coordination, as the experimental group demonstrated significantly better performance on hand eye coordination task than the control group. This implies that mental rehearsal combined with physical practice has greater effect than only physical practice. There was a significant gender differences in performance of both touch and distance variables. Females did better in both touch and distance variable when compared to male counterparts. It is recommended that future research investigate the gender effect on mental rehearsal.