marks around all words copied from a source.
Choose to quote an
author's exact words when the phrasing is unique or strengthens your
Provide a citation
for the source of the exact words you used immediately after the
Paraphrasing an Author's Words:
author's words by stating his or her ideas in your own words with your
paraphrased writing with the author's exact words to make sure you have
not copied phrases or sentences from the author.
Always provide a citation
for the paraphrased ideas.
Cite the source
when borrowing a figure, graph, map, data, or table from another
Stating Common Knowledge:
that is commonly known by the public or the intended readers of
a paper do not need citations for sources.
calories and nutrients.
Unsure if an idea is common knowledge for the intended readers of your paper? When in doubt, cite a source.
Reusing Collaborative Papers:
If two students
wrote a paper as a collaborative group or team project, one of the
authors cannot submit the entire paper for another assignment as if it is his
or her own paper.
borrowed from a paper you wrote collaboratively should include citations
for the information borrowed from the original paper.
Keep direct quotes in a separate document from your working document.
Keep track of all sources consulted.
When in doubt, check your paper/project
against the wording within the sources.
Documenting the Spoken Word:
from personal communications, speeches, broadcasts, conversations,
interviews and other spoken words must be documented with a citation
and/or parenthetical citation (Writing Tutorial Services).
provide information about citing sources for the spoken word. Consult
on Reserve to locate style manuals in Owens Library. Citation
examples for personal communications and interviews are
listed on the library's Citing
Giving credit for work that is not your
own respects and honors the intellectual property of others and is expected by your professors.