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Northwest Missouri State University

Library Home » Search Tips » Restrict Search Engine Results & User Reference Tools

Restrict Search Engine Results & User Reference Tools

Restrict Searches to:
Use Reference Tools:

Audio Files

Type audio:description or mp3:description
Example: audio:Madonna or mp3:madonna

Type your arithmetic equation
Example: 20/3
Learn more at Calculator
Type: define the word you want to define
Example: define heuristic
Domain or Host Computer

Type domain:the type of domain or
Example: domain:edu or

Type site:the type of domain
Example: site:edu or site:the URL

E-Mail Addresses

Four11 Locate: Email Search

Internet Address Finder



Encyclopedia Britannica

Encyclopedia Smithsonian

Exchange Rates
Type currency of name of country or conversion rate name of currency
Examples: currency germany or conversion rate eur
File Types

Type filetype:the file extension
Example: filetype:doc

Images and Sounds

Type image:descriptive word or phrase in quotation marks
Examples: image:barn or image:"liberty bell"

Google Image Search


Lycos Image Search

Information About the Internet

Learn The Net
"Learn the Net is a privately-held company based in San Francisco, California. The company focuses on delivering high quality educational products and services in print, digital media, and to the desktop and mobile devices via the Internet and intranets." It includes lessons about Web browsers, e-mail, searching the Web, social networks, publishing online, downloading data, ebusiness, and computer viruses.

Search Engine Tips & Tricks
The links on this page provide access to features available via Search Engine Watch. These features include advanced search strategies; search strategies for specific search engines; links to Internet subject directories; lists of reviewed and scholarly Web sites; links to metasearch engines and comparisons of their content; and's tips for searching the Web. "Search Engine Watch provides tips and information about searching the web, analysis of the search engine industry and help to site owners trying to improve their ability to be found in search engines. The links below provide more information about the site and its operation."

Search the Internet
This page provides rationales for using search engines, web directories, and metasearch tools, as well as links to popular versions of each of these search mechanisms; searching tips; and links to resources for evaluating information sources.

Spider's Apprentice
"The Spider's Apprentice, Spidap, is not another search engine. Our purpose is to help you understand and use search engines. How do they work? Why do certain results come up frequently and others not at all? Which search engines are most useful and efficient? How can you improve your searches and find what you want more easily?" Some of the sections on this site are: Search Engine FAQ; Search Engine Ranking Algorithms; Search Strategy; How Search Engines Work; Search Wizard: and How to Find Info about People on the Web.


Type <lr>lang_two letter abbreviation for the language
Example: <lr>lang_es


Type map of city, state or state
Example: map of maryville or map of missouri

Type the street address city state
Example: 412 Main Maitland MO

Conversion Calculator

Type convert:the unit
Example: convert:10 miles

Mathematical & Statistical Information

Election & Campaign Analysis Web Resources

Statistics WWW Resources

Statistical Data

Type object:child
Example: object:child (This search will retrieve objects created in programs such as Flash.)

Phone Book
Personal Names

Business Names

Phone Number & Address Databases

Type first name, last name, city
Example: connie, ury, maitland

Type business name, city state OR type business name, zip code
Examples: shelter insurance maryville mo OR type shelter insurance 64468

411 Locate
InfoSpace: Yellow Pages
InfoSpace: White Pages
Infobel World
Yahoo! Yellow Pages
Yahoo! People Search

The Internet Public Library Quotations Reference
Searching within a Site

Type: host:the specific site where you want to search

Type site:the specific site where you want to search

Scholarly Web Sites

Awesome Library
The Awesome Library provides only resources that have been reviewed and found to be of high quality for our users.   In that sense, all of the resources are highly rated at the time of review. . . . We explore the World Wide Web for you and bring back resources that are brought to our attention in the following ways:
-   Recommended by a teacher, student, parent, or librarian
-   Recommended by a national reviewer
-   Requested information on a topic
-   Emerging current events
The Project Director for this effort is Dr. R. Jerry Adams, who has over 25 years of experience in managing educational programs on a national, state, and local level.   He has served on half a dozen national advisory boards related to educational program development. Dr. Adams is the Executive Director for the Evaluation and Development Institute and the author of the database upon which the Web site is constructed.

The Best Information on the Net
Categories include Alcohol, Black Collegian, Blogger, Carfax &, Contacting your Representative; Cutting (self-mutilation); STDs; International Education Exchange; Dance Safe (Raves); Dating Violence; Eating Disorders Awareness; Etiquette (with an interesting view); Finding Blogs; Free Audio Books; Hoaxs online & in e-mail; How Deja vu works; Getting the Most Out of Non-Fiction Reading; Men's Health Issues; Movie Profiler; NPR Podcast Directory; Quack Watch; Podcast Directory; Political Blogging; Project Vote Smart; Reading Groups; Safer Car; Sports Injuries; Student Counseling Virtual Pamphlet Collection;; Study Guides & Strategies; Tide Stain Solutions; US. Consumer Gateway; Wing of Madness: a depression guide; Health Tools from Mayo Clinic including calculators for BMI, daily calorie intake, heart disease risk, pregnancy due date, and target heart rate; and Self Assessments for depression, work & stress, prostate symptoms, and healty weight.

The Center for Digital Research and Scholarship
"The Center for Digital Research and Scholarship (CDRS) partners with researchers and scholars to share new knowledge. Using innovative new media and digital technologies, CDRS empowers Columbia’s research community with the online tools and services necessary to make the most of scholarly communication, collaboration, data-sharing, and preservation." Information available at this site includes online abstracts of journal articles, "enhanced digital publications of . . . print books", "multimedia-integrated monograph websites", "wikis for collaboration", and "blogs for discussion".

The Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
The Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse is a collection of documents and information about civil rights cases in selected case categories across the United States. Currently, the categories include: Child Welfare, Criminal Justice (Other), Disability Rights-Pub. Accom., Education, Election/Voting Rights, Equal Employment, Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance, Immigration, Indigent Defense, Intellectual Disability (Facility), Jail Conditions, Juvenile Institution, Mental Health (Facility), Nursing Home Conditions, Policing, Prison Conditions, Public Accommodations, Public Benefits & Services, Public Housing, School Desegregation, Speech and Religious Freedom. For details on these case categories, click here. Oversight of the content of this web site is provided by the faculty of the University of Michigan Law School.

Current Cites
"A team of librarians monitors information technology literature, selecting only the best items to annotate for this free publication. The resulting issue of 8-12 annotated citations of current literature is emailed to a mailing list and is available as an RSS feed. . . . Current Cites has been published continuously since August 1990."

Digital Librarian
This subject list of recommended web sites is created and "maintained by Margaret Vail Anderson, a librarian in Cortland, New York."

"INFOMINE is a virtual library of Internet resources relevant to faculty, students, and research staff at the university level. It contains useful Internet resources such as databases, electronic journals, electronic books, bulletin boards, mailing lists, online library card catalogs, articles, directories of researchers, and many other types of information. INFOMINE is librarian built. Librarians from the University of California, Wake Forest University, California State University, the University of Detroit - Mercy, and other universities and colleges have contributed to building INFOMINE."

ipl2: Information You Can Trust
"ipl2 is a public service organization and a learning/teaching environment. To date, thousands of students and volunteer library and information science professionals have been involved in answering reference questions for our Ask an ipl2 Librarian service and in designing, building, creating and maintaining the ipl2's collections. It is through the efforts of these students and volunteers that the ipl2 continues to thrive to this day."
Type your search statement in the Search ipl2 box.
Use Boolean Operators (AND OR NOT).
Use quotation marks around phrases of two or more words. Example ("eating disorders" OR "anorexia nervosa")
Place groups of synonyms in parentheses and connect them with the Boolean Operator OR. Example: (batman OR superman OR superhero OR "super hero")
Wildcard characters are supported--Use an asterisk (*) to "represent zero or more" letters. Use a question mark (?) to represent a single letter. Examples: c*t will retrieve court, count, cot, cat, etc. c?t will retrieve cat and cot.

The Scout Report
"Since 1994, the Scout Project has focused on developing better tools and services for finding, filtering, and presenting online information and metadata. Located on the University of Wisconsin-Madison's campus, and part of the University's College of Letters and Sciences, Scout has access to highly educated content specialists and a world-class array of computer science and library resources. Our eclectic staff blends academics and professionals from Library Science and Computer Science, along with graduate and undergraduate students studying the sciences, social sciences and humanities. . . . The project's acclaimed reports and resource archive provide educators, students, researchers, and librarians with fast, convenient ways of staying informed about the most valuable online resources. Our most popular publication, the Scout Report, is one of the Web's oldest and most respected current awareness services. Published every Friday since 1994, it is read by more than 250,000 readers every week."

Voice of the Shuttle
"The Voice of the Shuttle began in late 1994 as an introduction to the Web for humanists at the University of California, Santa Barbara. VoS became publicly accessible on March 21, 1995, when the Humanitas server on which it resided opened to global Web access. From its origin to October, 1999, VoS stayed at the same address on the Humanitas server. It grew in that period to over 70 pages of links to humanities and humanities-related resources on the Internet. Its mission has been to provide a structured and briefly annotated guide to online resources that at once respects the established humanities disciplines in their professional organization and points toward the transformation of those disciplines as they interact with the sciences and social sciences and with new digital media. . . . VoS emphasizes both primary and secondary (or theoretical) resources, and defines its audience as people who have something to learn from a higher-education, professional approach to the humanities (which in practice has included students and instructors from the elementary school, high school, and general population sectors)."

The WWW Virtual Library
"The WWW Virtual Library (VL) is the oldest catalogue of the Web, started by Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of HTML and of the Web itself, in 1991 at CERN in Geneva. Unlike commercial catalogues, it is run by a loose confederation of volunteers, who compile pages of key links for particular areas in which they are expert; even though it isn't the biggest index of the Web, the VL pages are widely recognised as being amongst the highest-quality guides to particular sections of the Web."

Sites Linking to a Site

Type link:the URL

Type link:the URL


Type the word and Google will suggest an alternate spelling if the word was not spelled correctly
Example: ocassion retrieves the following statements:
Showing results for occasion. Search instead for ocassion.

Stock Quotes

Type the name of the company stock quote
Example: IBM
Example: QVC stock quote

Subject Directories

Academic Info

Google Directory

ODP: Open Directory Project

World Wide Web Virtual Library


Type ~the word
Example: ~law will retrieve not only the word law, but also the words legal, lawyer, and attorney
Type text:the word or phrase in quotation marks
Example: text:"every man for his country" or text:"early retirement"
Word or Phrase at a Specific Domain

Type descriptive word or phrase in quotation marks +domain:domain type
Example: library +domain:edu or "Owens Library" +domain:edu

Word or Phrase in Page Title

Type title:word or phrase in quotation marks
Example: title:"owens library"

Type allintitle:word(s) or phrase
Type intitle:single word or list of words from which only one word has to appear in the title
Example: allintitle:Mark Twain publications
Example: intitle:owens

All quoted material is from the respective source.

Return to Search the Internet