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To be compliant with copyright laws when placing an item on reserve for more than a one-time spontaneous use, permission must first be obtained from the copyright holder. (Reprinting a journal article in a course pack or placing a scanned document on a restricted Web site are also subject to copyright law restrictions.) In the interest of consistency and efficiency, B.D. Owens Library staff will take responsibility for the initial attempt to secure copyright permission for Reserve items, at the library's expense, from the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC). CCC is an organization that provides a licensing system for the reproduction of copyrighted materials. If we are unable to acquire permission from CCC, the faculty member who requested the item for Reserve will be given the responsibility of obtaining permission to reproduce the article for Reserve use. If faculty wish to place a scanned document on a restricted Web site (i.e. eCollege) or in a course pack, the faculty member will be responsible for gaining copyright permission.
Research Uses: An instructor may make a single copy of any of the following for scholarly research or use in teaching or preparing to teach a class:
An instructor may distribute photocopied material to students in a class without the publisher’s prior permission, under the following conditions:
To guard against having a significant detrimental impact on the market for the copyrighted work, use of an item should be restricted to one course and excerpts should not be repeatedly photocopied from one author without the permission of the copyright owner.
Faculty may place photocopied works on reserve for the convenience of students in preparing class assignments. A limited number of copies per article will be placed on Reserve the first trimester that you use it (effective Fall 1992). However, for the same material to be placed on Reserve for any following trimesters, copyright permission must be obtained. If the Reserve Specialist is unable to acquire permission via the Copyright Clearance Center, you are responsible for obtaining permission and providing proof of permission to the Reserve Specialist before photocopies will be placed on Reserve.
Multiple copies may be placed on reserve within the following Fair Use guidelines:
Photocopies may be put on reserve “spontaneously.”
This means that:
To use photocopies for successive years, permission must be obtained from the owner of the copyright. Please see the Fair Use Questionnaire to help determine if use of a copyrighted source falls under educational fair use guidelines.
How to Request Copyright Permission
The following are tips for recognizing copyrighted material and obtaining copyright permission:
eCollege posting or placing photocopies of student work on Reserve
Both of these scenarios may take place provided student permission is signed and attached to the document. Simply removing the student identification from a work does not provide permission to copy.
Sample student project release
B.D. Owens Library Reserve Specialist
For further information,
Questions and Answers on Copyright for the Campus Community, on Reserve under the call number: 346.73048 Q5q 2002
Northwest and Copyright
American Library Association Fair Use Interpretation:Adapted from: “Guidelines for Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials,” Eric Document ED238384, Washington, D.C.: 1983. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=ED238384&site=ehost-live&scope=site
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