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Northwest Missouri State University


Library Home » Citing Sources » MLA Citation Style Examples » MLA Parenthetical References

MLA Parenthetical References

 Author(s) Name in Text of Paper  In Parenthetical Reference
One Author
Meldrem has noted that Web Usability Studies are commonly conducted in libraries (155).
One Author
Web Usability Studies are commonly conducted in libraries (Meldrem 155).
Two Authors
Meldrem and Johnson argue that libraries should adapt rapidly to change (34).
Two Authors
Other authors also agreed that libraries should adapt rapidly to change (Meldrem and Johnson 34).
Three Authors
Baudino, Ury and Wainscott also highlight the importance of the issue (102).
Three Authors
This is an important issue highlighted by additional authors (Baudino, Ury, and Wainscott 102).
More Than Three Authors
Apparently, Mardis and others agree entirely with this point (7).
More Than Three Authors
Apparently, other authors agree entirely with this point (Mardis et al. 7).
Multiple Works by Same Author(s)
Wyatt and McFarland hold the same position in their follow-up article ("Divided Mind Revisited" 12).
Multiple Works by Same Author(s)
They hold the same position in their follow-up article (Wyatt and McFarland, "Divided Mind Revisited" 12).

 No Author
-- use full title or first few words of long title   

Book
One way to understand usability is to think about how you read a Web screen (Web for You 21).

Article from a library database (html)
Web Usability Studies are commonly conducted in libraries ("Benefits of Usability Studies").

Article from a library database (pdf with page numbers of original publication)
One example of software usability would be to "reduce the number of clicks for common actions" ("Vignette Strengthens Capabilities" 28).

Single Web Page
A strong design element is color ("Designing for the Web").

 

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 No Page or Paragraph Numbers
  -- use name of author only

Lawton sees various points of view.
     
                          OR
 
Another author sees various points of view (Lawton).

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 Citing Indirect Sources
  -- see p. 226 of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers


Use the abbreviation qtd. in before the indirect (i.e., secondhand) source you're citing.

Example from MLA Handbook: (p.226)


Samuel Johnson admitted that Edmund Bruke was an "extraordinary man"

(qtd. in Boswell 2: 450).

Boswell, James. The Life of Johnson. Ed. George Birkbeck Hill and L. F. Powell.

       6 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1934-50. Print.


For additional examples on how to do parenthetical referencing in MLA Style, visit the Library Services Desk, 1st Floor, Owens Library and consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Reserved @ Library Services Desk, 1st Floor, Owens Library ---see section 6.2, p. 214 and following.

 

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MLA Citation Style Examples